Me, Chocolate and Its History

Monday, March 14, 2011

Me, Chocolate and Its History

I am one of big fan of chocolate. My laddict tochocolate began when I had severe peptic ulcer while in junior high school ended. When doctors recommend to bring chocolate in  bags and serves as a practical and useful alternative for meals, except biscuits. and lately chocolate  proved be able to help me to maintain this attack when i have to meet irregular eating patern.

This time I wanna share about chocolate and a little information about it. Chocolate name for food that is processed from cocoa beans. Chocolate is usually given as a gift or gifts for the holidays. With form, style and unique taste, chocolate is often used as an expression of gratitude, affection or attention or Even love.

Chocolate also has been one of the most popular flavor in the world, and chocolate bars are most commonly eaten, chocolate is also a subject of hot and cold drinks.

Chocolate is produced from cocoa (Theobroma cacao), which is expected to grow initially in the northern Amazon region to Central America. Maybe down to Chiapas, the southernmost part of Mexico. Olmec people take advantage of the tree and, perhaps, make a "chocolate" along the Gulf coast in southern Mexico. The earliest documentation of chocolate found in its use at a site in Puerto Escondido chocolate manufacturing, Honduras around 1100 -1400 BC . Residues from the processing tank showed that the initial use of cacao was not destined to make a drink, but white selput contained in cocoa beans are more likely to be used as a source of sugar to alcohol.

Brown residue found on the pottery used by the ancient Mayans in Río Azul, northern Guatemala, suggests that Mayans drank chocolate around the year 400 BC. The first civilizations inhabiting the area known as the Meso-American tree "kakawa" whose fruits are consumed as a beverage xocolātl which means a bitter drink. According to them, these drinks should be consumed every day, for several reasons.

However, it seems that chocolate is also a symbol of prosperity. How to serve it is not arbitrary. By holding a liquid container is as high as his chest and poured into another container on the ground, an expert presenter who can make a thick foam, part of what makes it so precious beverage. This foam is actually produced by the cocoa fat (cocoa butter), but sometimes also added extra foam. Meso-American people seem to have a critical habit of drinking and eating porridge containing chocolate. The seeds of the cacao tree itself is very bitter and must be fermented to taste can be obtained. Following are the results of roast and chocolate or cocoa powdered. It is estimated that drinking chocolate to the Maya began about the year 450 BC - 500 BC. It is said that chocolate consumption is considered as an important status symbol in those days. Maya eating chocolate in the form of frothy fluid sprinkled with red pepper, vanilla, or other spices. Drinks are also believed to be a deterrent Xocoatl fatigue, a belief which may be caused from theobromin content therein.

When the classic Maya civilization collapsed (about 900) and was replaced by the Toltec, cocoa beans became the main commodity Meso-America. During the Aztec Empire in power (until about 1500 BC) region which includes the City of Mexico is now known as the Meso-American region most rich in cocoa beans. For cocoa the Aztec is the "food of the gods" (Theobroma, from the Greek). Usually the cocoa beans used in religious ceremonies and as gifts.

Chocolate is also a luxury during the Meso-American Colombia, in their culture of cocoa beans Maya, Toltec, and Aztec (cocoa beans) are often used as currency . As an example of Aztec Indians using this system to calculate where the turkey chicken for one hundred cacao beans and one avocado for three cocoa beans .While the year 1544 AD, the delegation which visited the Maya Kekchi Guatemala palace Spain bearing gifts, including chocolate drinks.

At the beginning of the 17th century, chocolate became popular refreshing drink in the palace of Spain. Throughout the century, chocolate spread among the European elite, then through a democratic process for the price cheap enough, and at the end of the century it became a drink enjoyed by the merchant class. About 100 years after his arrival in Europe, the chocolate is so famous in London, to establish a "chocolate houses" to store supplies chocolate, starting at coffee houses. The first chocolate house opened in 1657.

In 1689 a physician and collector named Hans Sloane, developed a type of milk chocolate drink in Jamaica and was originally drunk by tribal apothekari, but the drink is then sold by the Cadbury brothers . All European chocolate was originally consumed as a beverage. New in 1847 found a brown solid. Europe discard almost all the spices are added by the Meso-American, but often retain vanilla. Also replaced a lot of material to fit their own taste from a special recipe that requires amber, wax purple dye extracted from whale intestines, to more common materials such as cinnamon or cloves. However, the most frequently added to the sugar. In contrast, the Meso-American chocolate did not appear to be sweet.

European Chocolate was originally mixed in the same manner as that used Maya and Aztecs. Even now, the ancient Meso-American way is still maintained, but in the machinery industry. Still a little fermented cocoa beans, dried, roasted, and ground. However, a series of more complicated techniques that are played. Brown powder emulsified with potassium or sodium carbonation for easy mixing with water (dutched, emulsification method found in the Netherlands), fat reduced by removing a lot of cocoa butter (fat), ground as a liquid in a special vat (conched), or mixed with milk so that chocolate milk (chocolate milk).


sychological effects that occur when enjoying the chocolate due to melting point of cacao fat is located slightly below normal human body temperature. As an illustration, if you eat a piece of chocolate, brown fat will melt in the mouth. Lumernya cocoa fat causes a soft mouth feel typical, recent research by the BBC indicated that melting chocolate in the mouth increases brain activity and heart rate is stronger than the activity resulting from kissing mouth to mouth, and also will feel four times as long even after this activity stopped


Psychological effects that occur when enjoying the chocolate due to melting point of cacao fat is located slightly below normal human body temperature. As an illustration, if you eat a piece of chocolate, brown fat will melt in the mouth. Lumernya cocoa fat causes a soft mouth feel typical, recent research by the BBC indicated that melting chocolate in the mouth increases brain activity and heart rate is stronger than the activity resulting from kissing mouth to mouth, and also will feel four times as long even after this activity stopped


Chocolate contains alkaloids, alkaloids such as theobromine, fenetilamina, and anandamida, which have physiological effects to the body. Much content related to the level of serotonin in the brain. According to scientists chocolate is eaten in normal amounts regularly can reduce blood pressure . Dark chocolate a lot lately to get a promotion because of health benefits when consumed in moderation, including its anti ocsidant content that may reduce the formation of free radicals in the body.


By controlling the physical activity undertaken, smoking, and eating habits found that those who love to eat candy / chocolate older than the age of one year without food. Allegedly phenol antioxidants contained in chocolate is the reason why they can outlive. Phenol is also found in red wine, known as the drink is good for heart health. Brown has the ability to inhibit oxidation of LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) and improve immune function, which can prevent the risk of coronary heart disease and cancer.
So far, there is the notion that chocolate causes dental caries and may also be responsible for the problem of obesity. Denying that obesity is one risk factor for degenerative diseases. But a study at Harvard University shows that if you balance the consumption of chocolate candy with enough physical activity and eat a balanced diet, then the negative effects of chocolate candy does not need to worry.
Chocolate consumption in the United States contributes only 1% of total fat intake as stated by the National Food Consumption Survey (1987-1998). This amount is relatively small, especially when compared with the contribution of meat (30%), cereals (22%), and milk (20%). Fat in chocolate, cocoa butter is often called, consists mainly of saturated fat (60%), especially stearic. But the brown fat is a vegetable fat that do not contain cholesterol. To keep pressing the saturated fat that is not too high, it is better to controlle eating chocolate just one cigarette per day and consume supplements or other food containing catechins such as apple and tea.

In research involving human subjects, found that consumption of brown fat to produce total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol lower than the consumption of butter or beef fat. So even though they contain saturated fat but the effect was produced different cholesterol. High stearate content of chocolate is suppose to be the reason why brown fat is not as bad as animal fat. It has long been known that stearic acid is a neutral fat that will not trigger blood cholesterol. Why? Stearate slowly digested by our bodies and also absorbed less.
One third of fat contained in chocolate is oleic acid is an unsaturated fatty acid. Oleic acid is also predominantly found in olive oil. Epidemiological studies in Mediterranean populations who consume lots of olive oil is oleic acid oleic concluded positive effects on heart health.

Often the question arises how much we can consume chocolate? There are no definitive recommendations for these nutrients, however, 2-3 times a week, eating chocolate or drinking chocolate milk every day will still be accepted. Principles of nutrition that is actually easy to eat all kinds of food are moderate. Nutritional problems generally arise when we eat too much or too little.

Eating chocolate will not cause addiction, but for some delicious chocolate taste that may cause the desire to consume more. This is called a chocolate craving. The impact of chocolate on behavior and mood (mood) is closely associated with chocolate craving. Brown could miss because, aroma texture, sweet-bitter and so forth. It is also often associated with the content of phenylethylamine which is a substance similar amphetanine which can increase absorption of tryptophan into the brain which then in turn produce dopamine. Impact of dopamine is to show happy feelings and mood repair. Phenylethylamine is also considered to have aphrodisiac properties that gave rise to a feeling like someone in love .

Catechins are powerful antioxidants contained in chocolate. One of the functions of antioxidants is to prevent premature aging that can occur due to pollution or radiation. Catechin is also found in tea even though the amount is not high on chocolate. Parents often ancient practice of washing the face with water to make tea for facial skin glowing and youthful. If they know that chocolate contains catechins is higher than the tea, maybe they'll suggest a shower with a chocolate scrub.

Chocolate also contains theobromine and caffeine. Both substances have been known to give effect to those who consume them awake. Therefore when we are dozing off at the airport or waiting for long queues, eating chocolate potent enough to make us excited again.

It's just chocolate should really pay attention, especially for vulnerable groups affected by kidney . More than 100 g chocolate consumption will increase excretion of calcium oxalate and tripled. Therefore, healthy tips that can be recommended so drink plenty of water after eating chocolate.

And for those of you who feel as one big fan of chocolate, what benefits must be considered and the recommendations contained in safe consumption. Eat with the right portion will give effect to your health but on the contrary, if excessive amounts of chocolate can also cause effects to the body such as kidney disease. Hopefully this article useful for all fans of chocolate in the world .

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